Hetfield is known for his ferocious rhythm chops and his ability to down-pick relentlessly at positively inhuman speeds. It’s a huge part of what made Metallica one of the biggest bands of all time, so let’s see if we can get to grips with the basics of his style.
Machine gun bursts
This is an up-tempo riff at a pretty speedy 174bpm. For the most part, you’re playing eight notes, from the slide power chord to the open palm mutes, but check out what goes on over beat 3 – speedy burst of four 16th note open strings. At this tempo, these short bursts have a machine gun like quality.
Bumping up the tempo to 190bpm, this is a prime example of an early 80s Hetfield riff that would be all down picked using chromatic movements against a repeated note phrase. Start off slow and build up picking hand stamina slowly. If you down pick every note, it gives the riff more drive and attack.
Fast thrash riff
Back when Metallica were basically a thrash metal band you’d see an abundance of riffs like this. The open strings are alternate picked 16th notes at 160bpm and are framed by power chords at either end.
Clean picking in 3/4
While they’re considered metal at their core, Metallica aren’t a band to shy away from some moody clean passages. This clean picked part in 3/4 uses some repeated droning notes against a root note that shifts each bar.
About the Author
Leigh Fuge is a guitar teacher and professional musician from Swansea in the UK. He has taught hundreds of students face to face and via the MGR Music platform. He has over 10 years’ experience working in the industry as a touring musician, session guitarist and teacher.
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